Title: LINDEN HOTEL
Location Current Site: Fort Collins CO UNITED STATES
Creator Personal Name: Quayle,William
Creator Assoc Person Birth Date: 1946
Creator Assoc Person Death Date: 2004
Creator Assoc Person Birth/Death Dates: 1946-2004
Creator Assoc Person Name: Draper,Joan
Creator Assoc Person Role: Photographer
Subject.Image Description: Corner upper story
Creator.Personal Name Label: Quayle,William
Source.Acquisition Date: 2000-12-21 00:00:00
Style/Period: Second Empire
Style/Period Description: SECOND EMPIRE
(1859 - 1870s)
The Second Empire Style is also called the Mansard Style or Second Empire Baroque, because it revived the forms of Baroque architecture, especially 17th and early 18th century French churches and palaces, including those of architect Francois Mansart. In the United States, it has been called both the Mansard Style and the General Grant Style because of its popularity for public buildings during that President's term, 1869-77. Second Empire refers to a political era, the reign of the French Emperor Napoleon III (1852?1870), whose building campaign transformed Paris. The remodeling of the Louvre (1852?1857) brought back into vogue the mansard roof, which has two slopes, the lower one being very steeply piched. Other distinctive characteristics include symmetry, projecting pavilions each with its own mansard roof, highly sculptural facades articulated with paired columns, and superimposed columns each set of which is only one story high.
The first major Second Empire building in the United States was the Corcoran Gallery (1859?1861) in Washington, D.C. by James Renwick. Subsequently, many public buildings, including federal buildings, state capitals, county courthouses, and city halls, were designed in what was considered to be the most fashionable style of its time. The availability of mass circulation magazines in this period popularized Parisian fashion. The mass production of cast-iron ornament and columns facilitatied its use from coast to coast. Second Empire Style houses were also popular. These were frequently of wood rather than masonry, and are distinguished by their mansard roofs with dormers, round or segmental arched windows, or other details derived directly or indirectly from early 17th century France or from 19th century European revival of it.
Subject Image View Type: Exterior, detail
Description.Subject Report: LINDEN HOTEL, FORT COLLINS. Abner Loomis was a longtime and prominent resident of Fort Collins, holding many jobs over the years including prospector, rancher, banker, real estate developer, and school board leader. He was born in New York, spent his childhood in Ohio and Iowa, and eventually made his way to California to join the gold rush in 1850. The Pikes Peak gold rush drew him to Colorado, but the lack of gold forced him to set up a homestead to grow vegetables and cut hay. After a few years he took up cattle raising which proved profitable. After saving for a few years, he moved his family to Fort Collins in 1880. The same year Loomis and his business partner Andrews built a business block at Walnut and Linden streets, opposite the Miller Block. The building was occupied by the Poudre Valley Bank and the Post Office on the ground floor and the Linden Hotel on the upper floors. The building, designed by William Quayle in French Second Empire style, used local sandstone and had an elaborate pressed tin cornice. Other features include a mansard roof, a projected tower, and arched windows. It was renovated in 1994 at a cost of $4.4 million. Source: Wayne Sundberg, Historic Fort Collins, The Old Army Press, 1975; Sarah J. Pearce, A Guide to Colorado Architecture, The State Historical Society of Colorado, 1983; National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form, 1978. (Ian Steven, 2000)
ID Number.Former Image Accession VISC: 82952
Rights Description: Copyright owned by The Regents of the University of Colorado, a body corporate, and the photographer. All rights reserved.
Source.Requestor Full Name: Lickteig, Lynn
Collection Name: Architecture and Planning Collection
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