Title: CHEESMAN PAVILION
Location Current Site: Denver CO UNITED STATES
Creator Personal Name: Marean & Norton, Marean,Willis A., Norton,Albert J.
Creator Assoc Person Name: Dulan,Peter
Creator Assoc Person Role: Photographer
Subject.Image Description: Park View
Creator.Personal Name Label: Marean and Norton
Description.Image Comments: Donated by Peter Dulan
Source.Acquisition Date: 1999-12-02 00:00:00
Style/Period: American Renaissance
Style/Period Description: AMERICAN RENAISSANCE (1885-1930) Historians disagree about this style term; other similar labels are Neoclassical, Renaissance Revival, and Beaux-Arts Classicism. Each term has a slightly different meaning. The term American Renaissance applied to architecture and decorative arts has a parallel in American literature of the period, and has broader connotations than the other terms. With respect to buildings, it refers to a movement at the end of the 19th century to improve taste generally, and more specifically, to improve the quality of American public buildings by encouraging serious study of the great monuments of the past. American Renaissance architects, such as Charles McKim, felt they and their clients were emulating men of the Italian Renaissance by creatively reinterpreting classical models from ancient Greece and Rome. The term Beaux-Arts refers to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, the most prestigious architectural school of the nineteenth century. American architects, beginning with Richard Morris Hunt and Henry Hobson Richardson, attended for the rigorous academic training, which involved creatively emulating historical precedents and planning buildings as coherent wholes. By the end of the nineteenth century, the profession and architectural education in the United States were dominated by the teachings of the Ecole. Its influence was challenged beginning in the 1930s with the arrival of modernist architects from Europe, who initiated the International Style in the U.S. American Renaissance Neoclassical designs were distinguished by their symmetry, by their ground plans with clear hierarchies of major and minor axes, by their clear articulation of functional elements in plan, and by finely crafted elevations and interiors based on a variety of classical precedents. The style was most suited for monumental public buildings, and many were adorned with richly molded round arches, stone columns and entablatures, and other signs of status, such as pediments and high bases. American Renaissance buildings range from the monumentally simple Lincoln Memorial (1912) by Henry Bacon, which emulates a Greek temple, to the more exuberant 1895 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, by Richard Morris Hunt, which employed Italian and French Baroque motifs. Among the first examples of the style was the Boston Public Library (1887-98) by McKim, Mead and White, which emulates both an Italian 15th century palace and the mid 19th century University of Paris library. The American Renaissance Style was popularized when the architects of the major buildings at the 1893 Chicago World's Columbian Exposition decided to enhance visual unity by employing it.
Subject Image View Type: Exterior, general view
ID Number.Former Image Accession VISC: 108904
Rights Description: Copyright owned by The Regents of the University of Colorado, a body corporate, and the photographer. All rights reserved.
Creator.Comments: Architects of Cheesman Pavilion in Cheesman Park, Denver.
Creator.Comments: U.S. Architect Partnership 1895 - 1939 with Albert J. Norton, Denver, CO.
Creator.Comments: U.S. Architect Partnership 1895 - 1939 with Willis A. Marean, Denver, CO.
ID Number.Former Digital Accession VISC: 20968
Collection Name: Architecture and Planning Collection
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